2D Model For Addu City Project - Wave Transformation Over Reef Flat


  • DENNIS VAN KESTER Van Oord DMC, The Netherlands




Reef flat, udha, nearshore wave transformation effects, water level set-up, low-frequency waves


Van Oord DMC was awarded the Contract for the Reclamation by Dredging and Shore Protection works for land in Addu City by The Ministry of National Planning, Housing and Infrastructure of the Maldives. The Scope of Works consists of the Design and Construction of (among others) Reclamation and Shore Protection Works on various locations in the Addu City atoll. The project execution started in 2022 and has been finalized at the end of 2023.

The design of the Shore Protection Works has been verified in 2022 by means of 2D physical model testing in the wave flume of DHI in Denmark. Cross-sections of shore protection works for three different reclamation areas have been tested, where this abstract will focus on 2 locations at the outside of the atoll: Maradhoo and Four Lane Link Road (4LLR). All dimensions given in this abstract are prototype values, unless otherwise specified.

The length scale of the both models was selected at 1:30. The foreshore of the 2 tested cross-sections is very typical for atolls, consisting of a relatively shallow reef flat followed by a very steep slope to deep water. The modelled foreshores are presented in Figure 1. This figure also shows the locations of the wave gauges, which were placed both offshore (near the wave generator) and on top of the reef flat (in front of the structure). The tested seabed levels directly at the toe of the 4LLR and Maradhoo structures were MSL-0.70m and MSL-0.40m respectively. The target wave conditions were defined in deep water (in front of the wave generator), with design wave heights (Hm0) between 3.8m and 4.4m and 120% overload conditions. The tested peak wave periods (Tp) varied between 11.9s and 19.7s.




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