Overtopping Flow Velocity Characterisation Of Focused Waves On Promenades Using The Bubble Image Velocimetry Technique


  • CORRADO ALTOMARE Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - BarcelonaTech, Spain
  • XUEXUE CHEN Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
  • TOMOHIRO SUZUKI Flanders Hydraulics, Belgium
  • ALISON RABY University of Plymouth, United Kingdom
  • XAVIER GIRONELLA Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - BarcelonaTech, Spain




Wave Overtopping, Focused Waves, NewWave, Bubble Image Velocimetry (BIV)


This study characterises the flow velocity of individual extreme waves that overtop promenades using the bubble image velocimetry (BIV) technique (Ryu et al., 2005). Experimental tests were carried out in the small-scale wave flume CIEMito, at the Marine Engineering Laboratory (LIM) of the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya – BarcelonaTech (UPC), and the obtained images were post-processed to calculate the flow velocities. The ultimate objective of the experimental campaign is to develop more precise models for forecasting wave overtopping of structures with an emergent toe, commonly found on sandy beaches and frequently utilized as promenades or waterfronts in most urbanized coastal environments. The NewWave theory (Tromans et al., 1991) was used to simulate the extreme individual wave overtopping in a real random sea state. The NewWave theory establishes a correlation between the expected form of a large wave in a linear sea state and the bulk characteristics of the sea state. Using focused wave groups instead of long-duration irregular wave time series offers several benefits. It improves the ability to repeat experiments and enhances measurement capabilities by providing greater temporal resolution in models used to investigate significant wave interactions (Hofland et al., 2014). Additionally, due to the compactness of focused wave groups, wave absorption becomes unnecessary. The research identifies two distinct case studies with varying wave forcing, tidal regimes and coastal layouts. This work presents a case study of a typical Mediterranean Sea configuration, which is a micro-tidal environment with steep and relatively short foreshores and pocket beaches. The study aims to characterize the overtopping flow velocity on the selected structure, and the feasibility of non-intrusive measurements such as a BIV technique has been investigated. The work includes preliminary results.




Conference Proceedings Volume


Extended abstracts