Unsteady Ventilation in a Scaled Room Model with Swirl Ceiling Diffusers

Authors

  • Eva Mesenhöller Department of Energy | Building Services, and Environmental Engineering | FH Münster | Faculty of Mechanical Engineering | Ruhr-University Bochum| Germany
  • Steffen Jacobs Department of Energy, Building Services, and Environmental Engineering | FH Münster and Institute for Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics | Germany
  • Peter Vennemann Department of Energy | Building Services, and Environmental Engineering | FH Münster | Germany
  • Jeanette Hussong Institute for Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics | Faculty of Mechanical Engineering | Technical University Darmstadt | Germany

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34641/clima.2022.200

Keywords:

unsteady ventilation, PIV, room airflow, mixing ventilation

Abstract

Mechanical ventilation of buildings is generally based on steadily operating systems. This field is well known and established. But, an approach based on time-varied supply flow rates might improve indoor air quality, comfort, and energy consumption. Typical time-scales of the variation are in the order of seconds or minutes. Until now, the effects of unsteady ventilation scenarios are not fully described and so, reliable dimensioning rules are missing. Hence, with a better understanding of the flow in unsteady ventilation, systems can be calculated and optimised. To understand the effective mechanisms and derive functional relations between the flow field and variation parameters, full-field optical flow measurements are executed with a particle image velocimetry (PIV) system. Experiments are conducted under isothermal conditions in water in a small-scale room model (1.00 m × 0.67 m × 0.46 m) with two swirl ceiling diffusers, Reynolds-scaling assures similarity. In a series of experiments, the effects of different unsteady ventilation strategies on the flow fields are investigated and compared to steady conditions with the same mean exchange rate. Mean exchange rates, signal types, periods, and amplitudes are varied. Time-averaged normalised velocity fields already indicate notable differences between steady and unsteady cases especially for lower exchange rates: the distribution is more homogeneous in unsteady scenarios compared to steady conditions, and low-velocity areas are reduced while the mean velocity of the room increases. So, unsteady ventilation might be beneficial in terms of improved ventilation and energy savings in partial-load operation. Fast Fourier Transformation (FFT) analyses of the mean velocity for each field over the whole series detect the main frequency of the volume flow variation. By dividing the velocity field into smaller areas, this main frequency is still detected especially in the upper part of the room, but side frequencies play a role in the room as well.

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Published

2022-05-16

How to Cite

Mesenhöller, E. ., Jacobs, S. ., Vennemann, P. ., & Hussong, J. . (2022). Unsteady Ventilation in a Scaled Room Model with Swirl Ceiling Diffusers. CLIMA 2022 Conference. https://doi.org/10.34641/clima.2022.200