Impact of integration of electric and gas heat pumps on the final energy consumption of Belgian residential building stock

Authors

  • Essam Elnagar Université de Liège
  • Camila Davila Université de Liège
  • Vincent Lemort Université de Liège

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34641/clima.2022.102

Keywords:

energy consumption, heating demand, heat pumps, residential buildings

Abstract

The paper investigates the evolution of electricity-driven and gas-driven heat pumps technologies used for heating in the residential building stock in Belgium in the market. A base and predictive scenarios are considered. The base scenario includes the current share of the existing heat pumps in the Belgian market while the predictive scenario considers the increased share of the studied heating systems based on the evolution of the buildings envelope over the period 2020-2050. Two different types of heat pumps are considered, one driven by electricity which performance indicators are based on the literature, while experimental data is used for natural gas-driven heat pumps. The latter is modeled in an empirical way based on the system operating conditions and weather data. This paper presents the entire housing stock in Belgium which is divided in 752 cases. A tree structure model defining Belgian housing typology was created, characterizing Belgian residential building stock in terms of various parameters like building age, scale, level of insulation and energy vectors. A weighting factor to represent their occurrence in the existing Belgian building stock is associated to each building type. To study the impact on the load profile and the final energy consumption, the penetration of the selected heat pumps is calculated through the base and predictive scenarios. The penetration rates obtained of 67.6% and 42.7% for electricity and gas-driven HPs respectively, will allow to carry out some production planning for energy suppliers, manufacturers, and policymakers. Finally, the evolution of the sizing criteria in the future will have an impact on the penetration rates of the studied systems and must not be neglected.

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Published

2022-05-12

How to Cite

Elnagar, E., Davila, C., & Lemort, V. (2022). Impact of integration of electric and gas heat pumps on the final energy consumption of Belgian residential building stock . CLIMA 2022 Conference. https://doi.org/10.34641/clima.2022.102